The Red Sea Canyon: deep under the water of Suez

The HMS Enterprise has discovered a 250 meter-deep (820ft) canyon beneath the Red Sea.

The Royal Navy ship found and mapped the underwater Grand Canyon, beneath the waves, using state-of-the-art technology.

The discovery happede when the HMS Enterprise was sailing in a nine-month mission to improve understanding of the waters east of Suez.


Gulf of Mexico: disaster by BP

With the ink barely dry on the record-breaking $4-billion check BP wrote to settle criminal charges stemming from its Gulf of Mexico oil spill disaster, the energy giant now faces a protracted court battle that could cost it billions more.

The civil trial could expose BP to $17 billion in fines for violating the Clean Water Act. If imposed, the fine would be the largest environmental penalty in U.S. history.

Federal District Court Judge Carl Barbier in New Orleans will decide whether BP's actions on the drilling rig were negligent – as has already been determined in the criminal case – or grossly negligent, which could force the company to pay significantly higher fines.


Portuguese caravels: first to touch Australia

The Portuguese explorers were the first Europeans to discover Australia, according to a 16th century maritime map found in a library vault.

History tells that Dutch sailors discovered Australia in 1606, but a new secret document proves that Portuguese adventurers marked geographical sites along Australia's east coast, in 1522.

The new discovery is unveiled in "Beyond Capricorn", a book written by Peter Trickett, an Australian historian. He found the copy of Vallard Atlas, a collection of 15 hand drawn maps, in a Canberra book shop.