Fernando de Noronha: the Brazilian Hawaii | Photo: BlogVejaAVida.blogspot.com

Brazil is the largest country in South America and enjoys a wide range of weather conditions: equatorial, tropical, semiarid, highland tropical, temperate and subtropical.

The hottest part of Brazil is the northeast, where temperatures of more than 38°C (100°F) are frequently recorded during the dry season between May and November. Along the Atlantic coast from Recife to Rio de Janeiro, average temperatures range from 23 to 27°C (73-81°F).

South of Rio the seasons are more defined and the range of temperatures significantly wider, with the annual average falling between 17 and 19°C (63-66°F).

Waves are everywhere. The Brazilian coast has some of the best surf spots in the world. You can catch waves in an empty spot or you can join the incredible local surfers in an urban metropolis. There are more than one million surfers in Brazil, a true surfing super power.

The Southern states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina have the best waves for surfing in Brazil. Praia dos Molhes, Ilha dos Lobos, Prainha, Praia da Cal, Guarita, Itapeva, Capão da Canoa, Atlântida Pier, Tramandai and Cidreira are the finest in Rio Grande do Sul.

In the Santa Catarina State, look for Camacho, Cardozo, Cigana, Ferrugem, Guarda do Embau, Itapirubá, Ibiraquera, Laje da Jagua, Morro dos Conventos, Praia da Saudade, Praia da Vila, Praia do Silveira, Rincão and Rosa do Sul.

In Rio de Janeiro, there are great surf spots, though super crowded. Arpoador, Barra da Tijuca, Grumari, Ipanema, Itacoatiara, Leblon, Praia da Macumba, Praínha and São Conrado have more than 250 days of top quality waves for surfing.

Fernando de Noronha, an archipelago of 21 islands and islets in the Atlantic Ocean, also holds one of the best waves of Brazil.

Brazil has one of the most magic waves in the world. The river wave of Pororoca, 13 kilometers inland upstream on the Amazon River, is a natural phenomenon caused by the moon and the tides. You can only ride this tidal bore wave from time to time.

The brown piranha-infested water might scare a bit, but the ride is an eternal life experience. The longest time captured on tape riding the wave is by Brazilian surfer Picuruta: 43 minutes.

Visit the Confederação Brasileira de Surf, the Associação Brasileira de Windsurf and the Associação Brasileira de Kitesurf.