Hurricanes: they're named by the the World Meteorological Organization | Photo: Shutterstock

Hurricanes are the most massive storms that can be produced by Nature. They occur in the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.

The official "Hurricane Season" kicks off on June 1, and ends on November 30. These tropical-rotating storms begin to take shape when the ocean's temperatures are high.

But, how do storms get their names? And why do hurricanes have human names? Who chooses them? Will your name be on the list of hurricanes for the upcoming season?

A long time ago, hurricanes were named randomly. The military, for example, started naming storms after their girlfriends and wives, but none of these choices were made public.

Then, the National Weather Service decided to give human names to hurricanes to quickly identify storms and make it easier for citizens and media to process warning messages.

They used the World War II Alphabet - Able, Baker, Charlie, Dog, Easy - but this created confusion because every year the storm names were the same.

A few years later, in 1953, US weather professionals started using female names, sorted alphabetically. In 1979, they began alternating the feminine designations with male names, recycling the list every six years.

Hurricanes: they occur in the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean | Photo: Shutterstock

Up until recently, the list of names was decided and released by the National Hurricane Center (NHC). Today, the entity responsible for choosing the official hurricane names is the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

All six lists below rotate and get recycled every six years, meaning that this year's list will be used once again six years from now.

In the Atlantic basin, the WMO uses English, Spanish, and French names. Whenever more than 21 hurricanes occur in the Atlantic Ocean, further storms will get their names after the Greek alphabet - Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon, etc.

A hurricane name will be retired if it is too deadly or costly, and becomes too inappropriate to use in future years. Since the 1950s, there have been nearly 80 storm names retired.

Finally, remember that you can't request a storm to be named after you.

Here are the official 2018-2023 hurricane season names for both the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.

Atlantic Ocean Hurricane Names

 

2018

Alberto
Beryl
Chris
Debby
Ernesto
Florence
Gordon
Helene
Isaac
Joyce
Kirk
Leslie
Michael
Nadine
Oscar
Patty
Rafael
Sara
Tony
Valerie
William

2019

Andrea
Barry
Chantal
Dorian
Erin
Fernand
Gabrielle
Humberto
Imelda
Jerry
Karen
Lorenzo
Melissa
Nestor
Olga
Pablo
Rebekah
Sebastien
Tanya
Van
Wendy

2020

Arthur
Bertha
Cristobal
Dolly
Edouard
Fay
Gonzalo
Hanna
Isaias
Josephine
Kyle
Laura
Marco
Nana
Omar
Paulette
Rene
Sally
Teddy
Vicky
Wilfred

 

2021

Ana
Bill
Claudette
Danny
Elsa
Fred
Grace
Henri
Ida
Julian
Kate
Larry
Mindy
Nicholas
Odette
Peter
Rose
Sam
Teresa
Victor
Wanda

2022

Alex
Bonnie
Colin
Danielle
Earl
Fiona
Gaston
Hermine
Ian
Julia
Karl
Lisa
Martin
Nicole
Owen
Paula
Richard
Shary
Tobias
Virginie
Walter

2023

Arlene
Bret
Cindy
Don
Emily
Franklin
Gert
Harold
Idalia
Jose
Katia
Lee
Margot
Nigel
Ophelia
Philippe
Rina
Sean
Tammy
Vince
Whitney

 

Eastern North Pacific Hurricane Names

 

2018

Aletta
Bud
Carlotta
Daniel
Emilia
Fabio
Gilma
Hector
Ileana
John
Kristy
Lane
Miriam
Norman
Olivia
Paul
Rosa
Sergio
Tara
Vicente
Willa
Xavier
Yolanda
Zeke

2019

Alvin
Barbara
Cosme
Dalila
Erick
Flossie
Gil
Henriette
Ivo
Juliette
Kiko
Lorena
Mario
Narda
Octave
Priscilla
Raymond
Sonia
Tico
Velma
Wallis
Xina
York
Zelda

2020

Amanda
Boris
Cristina
Douglas
Elida
Fausto
Genevieve
Hernan
Iselle
Julio
Karina
Lowell
Marie
Norbert
Odalys
Polo
Rachel
Simon
Trudy
Vance
Winnie
Xavier
Yolanda
Zeke

 

2021

Andres
Blanca
Carlos
Dolores
Enrique
Felicia
Guillermo
Hilda
Ignacio
Jimena
Kevin
Linda
Marty
Nora
Olaf
Pamela
Rick
Sandra
Terry
Vivian
Waldo
Xina
York
Zelda

2022

Agatha
Blas
Celia
Darby
Estelle
Frank
Georgette
Howard
Ivette
Javier
Kay
Lester
Madeline
Newton
Orlene
Paine
Roslyn
Seymour
Tina
Virgil
Winifred
Xavier
Yolanda
Zeke

2023

Adrian
Beatriz
Calvin
Dora
Eugene
Fernanda
Greg
Hilary
Irwin
Jova
Kenneth
Lidia
Max
Norma
Otis
Pilar
Ramon
Selma
Todd
Veronica
Wiley
Xina
York
Zelda