Hydrothermal vents: rich in both carbonate minerals and hydrocarbons | Photo: NOAA/Creative Commons

Researchers have discovered a large, unique and previously unknown field of hydrothermal vents in the Gulf of California, about 150 kilometers (100 miles) east of La Paz, Mexico.

The only vents in the Pacific known to emit superheated fluids of up to 290°C are rich in both carbonate minerals and hydrocarbons, and were found more than 3,800 meters (12,500 feet) below the surface.

The Pescadero Basin vents are the deepest high-temperature hydrothermal vents ever observed in or around the Pacific Ocean. They were identified by high-resolution sonar data collected by an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV).

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Oil spill: Santa Barbara suffers once again | Photo: KTLA

A ruptured in an underground pipeline leaked an estimated 105,000 gallons of crude near Santa Barbara, in California.

The spill sent oil to local beaches, and sea lions were spotted swimming in dark waters. The sands of Refugio State Beach have already turned black, and the spill will likely move south.

"It's a moving target. Unfortunately, it's not an exact science when we're dealing with changing conditions out there," underlines, Capt. Jennifer Williams of the U.S. Coast Guard.

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Barefoot Wine Beach Rescue Project: cleaning beaches for a glass of wine | Photo: SAS

Surfers Against Sewage (SAS) have announced the 8th Barefoot Wine Beach Rescue Project in the United Kingdom.

The British non-governmental surf organization will visit six of UK's most popular beaches this summer. The goal is simple: to help keep our beaches barefoot friendly for all to enjoy and, of course, enjoy a glass of wine.

Since 2008, almost 6000 volunteers have helped SAS to sweep over 12.5 tonnes of marine litter from 46 beaches. This year, the team behind SAS will build life-size sandcastle bars at each event complete.

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