Surfing: the world champions are not tall, but they display rounded shoulders | Photo: Moran/Red Bull

The first thing we need to acknowledge is that everyone can become an accomplished surfer - the tall and fat man, the short and skinny woman, the weak and unfit boy, and the athletic girl.

The same rule applies to age. Anyone - young and old - is ready to take on surfing. Because it's all in the mind and surfing is not an impossible mission.

So, is there an ideal body type for surfing? The answer is tricky because it can lead to a controversial analysis that discourages people from learning to surf.

Now that we know that everyone can enjoy the pleasures of wave riding, we reformulate the question. Is there a physique that better adapts to the requirements of surfing?

Yes, there is. But let's understand why. Surfing is an outdoor sport that involves a lot of balance, and constant adaptations to waves in motion. The human body is repeatedly invited to adjust to movements in all axis.

It starts with paddling and finding balance on a surfboard, continues in the take-off and pop-up stages, and progresses through the trimming and maneuvering moments.

Surfing is a constant act of balance. You can train and improve balance with simple physical exercises

The three body types: the ectomorph, the mesomorph, and the endomorph

There are three basic human body types: the ectomorph, the mesomorph, and the endomorph.

The ectomorph is characterized by a thin, linear, and tall structure. It lacks fat and muscle tissue, and it can be fragile.

The mesomorph is characterized by an athletic build, a good posture, and well-developed muscles.

The endomorph is characterized by a preponderance of body fat, under-developed muscles, and a rounded build.

In theory, the mesomorph body type will be fitter that the other two because it is better prepared to excel in explosive sports that involve speed and power.

But that doesn't mean the other two are excluded from surfing. They can eclipse the "ideal" body type with talent and natural skills. Moreover, they can train and workout to look like a mesomorph.

Apart from body types, it is also important to note that the vast majority of world surfing champions are not tall. Tom Carroll (5'6''), Tom Curren (5'10''), Kelly Slater (5'9''), Mark Occhilupo (5'9''), Mick Fanning (5'10''), Adriano de Souza (5'6'') have won dozens of titles with an average height.

So, statistically, you could say that an average-height man or woman who adopts a healthy diet and a regular exercise regimen will be ready to challenge the waves and become a prolific surfer.

Discover how to get a surfer's body.