Surfing: have you got all the equipment you need? | Photo: Shutterstock

Surfing is not a complicated sport. Unlike many other water sports, the truth is that surfing only requires a surfboard and someone willing to glide over the ocean waves.

The essential surfing equipment for beginners is comprised of a surfboard, fins, leash, wax, and wetsuit. That's all you need to get into the sport of kings.

But as you progress and improve your surfing skills, you'll want more than just the essentials. A bag to protect your favorite stick, skin and ear protection and surf gadgets will also be useful to your surfing life.

Here's all the basic and extra equipment you'll need to surf:

 

MANDATORY SURFING EQUIPMENT

The Surfboard

The Surfboard

The magic carpet that enables you to ride waves.

There are several types of surfboards for different wave conditions, and experience levels.

 

The Fins

The Surf Fins

Surf fins are the wheels of a surfboard and provide stability, performance, and drive.

The most popular fin setups that can be found on a surfboard are single-fin, twin-fin, thruster, quad, and five-fin setups.

 

The Leash

The Surf Leash

The leash is the rope that keeps the surfer connected to the surfboard.

There's no science behind it, but if you fall or wipe out, the board will be right next to you.

 

The Surf Wax/Traction Pad

The Surf Wax

The grip that keeps surfers from slipping off the surfboard when paddling and riding the wave.

Surf wax requires regular maintenance, while traction pads can last years if well applied.

 

The Wetsuit

The Wetsuit

The neoprene garment that allows surfers to stay in cold and cool waters for a long time.

There are two main types of wetsuits (spring suit and full suit) and three main thickness levels (2mm, 3/2mm, and 4/3mm)

 

OPTIONAL SURFING EQUIPMENT

The Rash Guard

The Rash Guard

The "rashie" protects your skin against wetsuit irritation and prolonged exposure to the sun.

Surfers wear them between the body and the wetsuit, or simply with a pair of boardshorts during summertime.

 

The Surf Earplugs

The Surf Earplugs

Earplugs protect surfers from exostosis, a condition in which a bone surrounding the ear canal thickens when exposed to cold winds and cold waters. It is also known as surfer's ear and appears more frequently when surfers hit 30.

 

The Surfboard Bag

The Surfboard Bag

Surfboards are sensitive objects, and bags protect them from accidents and elements.

A good travel bag will help you carry the surfboard on surf trips and long walks to the beach.

 

The Boots, Gloves, and Hoods

The Boots, Gloves, and Hoods

Boots, gloves, and hoods protect surfers from the extremely low temperatures of winter.

They're fundamental accessories for cold water surfers. Without them, it's impossible to surf.

 

The Boardshorts

The Boardshorts

There are specific boardshort models for surfers with quick-drying, stitchless, and stretch fabrics.

If the weather conditions allow, all you need is a surfboard and a pair of surf trunks.

 

The Surf Poncho

The Surf Poncho

It's easy and comfortable to change in and out of your wetsuit with this specially-designed robe that replaces towels and complicated aerobic routines.

 

The Sunscreen

The Sunscreen

Surfers are often exposed to the sun's UV rays for long periods of time.

A high-protection-factor sunscreen prevents surfers from developing skin cancer.

 

The Surf Watch

The Surf Watch

Surf watches are portable wrist computers with surf forecasting data variables, including wave height, wave period, wind speed and direction, and tide times for thousands of worldwide surf spots.

 

The Waterproof Surf Camera

The Waterproof Surf Camera

Capture your best waves with a surf camera. Film yourself in the surf. Analyze your mistakes, and share your memorable rides with friends and family.

 

The Wet/Dry Bag

The Wet/Dry Bag

A very useful item for carrying dry and damp wetsuits, rashies, and towels.