Northern California's NHS was one of the most innovative and dynamic skateboard companies to emerge in the 1970s.
From boards to wheels to trucks, NHS has been at the forefront of skateboard-making.
One of their most significant innovations had to do with wheel bearings.
The shift from the clay to the urethane skateboard wheel was a major breakthrough in skateboard technology and led to a revival of the sport in the early 1970s.
Although not quite approaching the same level of a breakthrough as urethane, when wheels went from 64 loose ball bearings to precision bearings, there was an immediate positive impact on the world of skateboarding.
From the Waves to the Streets
The story of how wheels moved from loose ball bearings to precision begins with a surfboard company.
In the early 1970s, three surfing buddies, Richard Novak, Doug Haut, and Jay Shuirman, got together to make surfboards.
The trio worked out of the back of the Santa Cruz Surf Shop and eventually took the name NHS from their initials.
In 1973, NHS found themselves with a surplus of fiberglass and no customers, so they started to think about other applications.
They came up with the idea of making skateboards. Thus, Santa Cruz Skateboards was born.
One day, while Richard and Jay were assembling loose ball-bearing wheels onto trucks, something changed the entire skateboard industry.
By accident, Jay spilled a wooden cask of nearly 100,000 individual loose ball bearings.
After this incident, a man named Tony Roderick walked into the shop. Tony was from a Rhode Island company called Quality Products.
Holding a sealed precision bearing in his hand, Tony wondered if there was an application for skateboard wheels.
The Piumarta Revolution
With Quality Products heading up production and NHS handling the marketing and sales, the Road Rider precision skateboard wheel was born.
The year was 1975.
Road Riders started out with their #2 model and progressed to sizes #4, #6, and the Henry Hester model for slalom. Eventually, they made harder, pink-colored wheels for park riding.
Without question, red Road Rider wheels were attached to many trucks during the 1970s.
As well, hundreds of thousands of OJ's, Speed Wheels, and Bullets have been purchased by skaters.
All of them come from NHS. But Santa Cruz's innovations didn't stop with wheels.
They created graphite-loaded slalom boards, were one of the first manufacturers out with five-ply boards, and Jay Shuirman was instrumental in the development of Independent Trucks.
Tragically, Jay died in 1979 of leukemia.
The new person to head up research and development at NHS was the former skateboard test pilot and freestyler Tim Piumarta.
From the start, Tim worked on several important projects, including adding an extra two plies of wood to the five-ply boards and working with silk screen technologies to achieve full images on boards (i.e., the Olson checkerboard design).
In the early 1980s, Tim started working on various board designs. He worked on concave shapes and developed the first upturned nose.
"The one thing I never did was copy anyone. There was just something in my nature that said I don't want to ever copy anyone."
Many skaters active in the 1980s remember Cell Blocks, the first stackable, colored riser pads.
Black Top skateboards were another of Tim's innovations.
"They had black fiberglass on top of laminated wood. Literally, out of the tens of thousands of Black Top skateboards we ever made, only one came back broke."
In 1989, Tim took skateboarding to the next level and came up with Everslick, a specific type of thermoplastic that covered the bottom of the board.
Tim remembers a pro skater exclaiming, "Oh my God! You can slide over anything!"
Santa Cruz Skateboards was fast out of the gate with Everslick.
"We got to market first - it took two weeks from concept to production."
At first, many people thought the idea was crazy, but as Tim recalls, "Within six months, everyone had copied it."
In 1994, an industrial product designer came to Santa Cruz with an idea for making plastic, injection-molded snowboards.
"He had this stuff he'd lifted from Lockheed - definitely Stealth Bomber stuff," recalls Tim.
Both Richard Novak and Tim immediately thought, "Skateboard."
From this concept came NuWood, a board you can drive a car over or leave out in the rain for a thousand years without damage.
The interesting thing about NuWood is that it was the world's first truly recyclable skateboard.
When a rider was finished with it, they could send it back to NHS, who would grind it up and make a new one.
Research & Development Forever
One of the products emerging from NHS was a grip tape featuring full-color graphics.
"Our president, Bob Denike, wanted some sort of innovation to grip tape. We code-named it wacky tape. I found a way to put photos into grip tape."
It took about eight months for Tim to develop this new tape called Roofies.
Tim Piumarta is humble about the skateboard research and development that he has done for the past two decades.
While some of his ideas have failed to take off, most have been incredibly successful.
"If I have one strength, it is that I can take our team riders' language, emotion, and feedback and translate it into a three-dimensional object that can be mass-produced."
"If there's a theme to what I've done, it is building value into what a skater buys."
NHS was inducted into the Skateboarding Hall of Fame (SHoF) in 2013.
Today, the iconic skateboard manufacturer and distributor runs nhsskatedirect.com and manages a network of authorized NHS dealers via nhsb2b.com.
Words by Michael Brooke | Skateboarder and Author of "The Concrete Wave: The History of Skateboarding"