Surfing is a safe sport. As in any other sport or physical activity, injuries can happen. Surfers are constantly in contact with water and with their boards, near sandy or rocky obstacles.
At the same time, waves are part of the nature of surfing, from smaller ones to big walls of water. First of all, if possible, pre-surfing workouts help prevent surf injuries.
The most severe surf injuries are caused by the surfboard (67%). The fins, the nose, the tail and the rail can hit you in your head, eyes, lips or ears and that means pain and blood. So, whether you're paddling out or kicking out of a wave, think of a surfboard as a gun.
Lacerations can be avoided with a good wetsuit and by not taking too many risks near a jetty or in a reef break. Risk is manageable and you're not a hero just because you step into red zones.
Fractures also happen quite often in surfing. Lumbar sprains, cervical damage, dislocated shoulders, knee and ankle injuries might be avoided if you warm up before hitting the waves.
Cramps are also very common and can put you in danger, if you're surfing big waves. Stay calm and ask for help. Skin is always a problem and must be protected against UV light with a quality sun cream.
Surfer's ear and the pink eye can also harm you, just like sharks, seals and jelly fish. Learn a few tips on how to reduce the probability of having severe injuries while surfing. Also, start your surf training program.